Radioactive-Software Radioactive-Software
Forum to discuss Radioactive-Software Products
 
 FAQFAQ   SearchSearch   MemberlistMemberlist   UsergroupsUsergroups   RegisterRegister 
 ProfileProfile   Log in to check your private messagesLog in to check your private messages   Log inLog in 

dfgsdg

 
This forum is locked: you cannot post, reply to, or edit topics.   This topic is locked: you cannot edit posts or make replies.    Radioactive-Software Forum Index -> Radioactive-Software
View previous topic :: View next topic  
Author Message
dgreen
The One


Joined: 24 Sep 2005
Posts: 6811
Location: Raleigh, NC

PostPosted: Sat Sep 24, 2005 5:46 pm    Post subject: dfgsdg Reply with quote

dfgsdgf
_________________
I run this place.
"Some muckety-muck architecture magazine was interviewing Will Wright about SimCity, and they asked
him a question something like "which ontological urban paridigm most influenced your design of the simulator,
the Exo-Hamiltonian Pattern Language Movement, or the Intra-Urban Deconstructionist Sub-Culture Hypothesis?"
He replied, "I just kind of optimized for game play."

Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Visit poster's website AIM Address
Rarusu
Viking


Joined: 22 Nov 2007
Posts: 2316
Location: Norway

PostPosted: Sun Dec 30, 2007 7:47 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hmm.... i smell......................JACKASS!!!

Jackass (TV series)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article does not cite any references or sources. (May 2007)
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unverifiable material may be challenged and removed.
Jackass

Jackass warning screen
Format Reality television
Created by Johnny Knoxville
Spike Jonze
Jeff Tremaine
Starring Johnny Knoxville
Bam Margera
Steve-O
Chris Pontius
Ryan Dunn
Brandon DiCamillo
Ehren McGhehey
Dave England
Preston Lacy
Jason "Wee-Man" Acuña
Opening theme "Corona" by Minutemen
No. of seasons 3
No. of episodes 25
Production
Running time 22 – 23 Minutes
Broadcast
Original channel MTV
Original run October 1, 2000 – February 17, 2002
Chronology
Followed by Jackass: The Movie
External links
Official website
IMDb profile
TV.com summary

Jackass is an American television series, originally shown on MTV from 2000 to 2002, featuring people performing various dangerous, ridiculous, and self-injuring stunts and pranks. The show served as a launchpad for the television and acting careers of Johnny Knoxville and Bam Margera. Since 2002, two Jackass theatrical films have been produced and released by MTV corporate sibling Paramount Pictures, continuing the franchise after its run on television. It is one of MTV's most popular shows ever and sparked several spin-offs including Viva La Bam, Wildboyz, Homewrecker, Dr. Steve-O, and Blastazoid.
Contents
[hide]

* 1 History
o 1.1 Birth of the show
o 1.2 Controversy
o 1.3 Ending and farewell
o 1.4 Jackass: The Movie
o 1.5 Life after Jackass
o 1.6 Jackass Number Two
o 1.7 Possible return
* 2 Jackass: The Game
* 3 Cast and Crew
o 3.1 Main Cast Members
o 3.2 Recurring Cast Members
o 3.3 Crew
o 3.4 Celebrity appearances
* 4 Similar groups
* 5 External links
* 6 References

History

Birth of the show

The show developed from Big Brother Magazine, a skateboarding-related humor magazine that Jeff Tremaine, Dave Carnie, Rick Kosick and Chris Pontius all worked for, and featured regular contributions from Johnny Knoxville and Dave England, among others. The concept of Jackass dates back to 1999 when struggling-actor-turned-writer Johnny Knoxville birthed the idea to test different self defense devices on himself as the basis for an article. He pitched the idea to a couple of magazines and was turned down until meeting with Jeff Tremaine of Big Brother. Jeff hired him as a journalist and convinced Johnny to videotape this idea and other stunts for stories. The footage, which involved Knoxville being tasered, maced, and ultimately shot while wearing a bulletproof vest, appeared in the second Big Brother skateboarding movie Number Two (which is also the title of the second Jackass theatrical film) Johnny and the videos quickly became a hit. Future Jackass castmember Wee-Man made an appearance in the videos, and Florida clown Steve-O would send in submissions to be part of the videos. [1]

Big Brother would go on road trips, which is believed to be where Johnny met Bam Margera and they became good friends. In addition to skateboarding, Bam Margera had recently released a movie entitled Landspeed:CKY which consisted of himself and his friends, which he dubbed the "CKY Crew", in West Chester, Pennsylvania performing various skits and stunts. Among the Crew included the colorful cast of Ryan Dunn, Brandon Dicamillo, as well as Margera's family April, Phil, Don Vito, and Jess Margera. Jeff Tremaine saw the tapes and drafted Bam and his crew into what would become the cast of Jackass. Later, the Jackass crew would personally recruit Steve-O in a Florida Flea Market where he worked as a clown for part of the show. To round out the cast, Dave England brought in his friend Ehren McGhehey, a fellow Oregon resident and extreme stunt participator. [2]

Tremaine drafted his friend, director Spike Jonze to get involved with the show, and together, he, Jonze, and Johnny Knoxville served as executive producers. The idea show was pitched, and the cast was initially given an offer by Saturday Night Live to perform the stunts weekly for the show, though the offer was turned down. A bidding war eventually occurred between Comedy Central and MTV, which MTV eventually won. It was then that Jackass was born. [3]

Controversy

Since the first episode, Jackass frequently featured warnings and disclaimers noting that the stunts performed were dangerous and should not be imitated, and that recordings of any stunts would not be aired on MTV. Such warnings not only appeared before and after each program and after each commercial break, but also in a "crawl" that ran along the bottom of the screen during some especially risky stunts. Nevertheless, the program has been blamed for a number of deaths and injuries involving teens and children recreating the stunts.

On January 29, 2001, U.S. Senator Joseph Lieberman (D-Connecticut) publicly condemned MTV and Jackass in connection with a dangerous stunt that led to a copycat incident in which a 13-year-old Connecticut teenager was left in critical condition with severe burns.[4] Lieberman followed up with a February 7, 2001 letter to MTV's parent company Viacom urging the company to take greater responsibility for its programming and do more to help parents protect their children.[5] MTV responded to the criticism by canceling all airings of Jackass before 10:00 PM, but Lieberman's continual campaign against the show led to MTV refusing to air repeats of the later episodes, a move which angered the cast and production crew of the series who were furious with MTV's "caving into Lieberman's demands."

A man named Jack Ass sued MTV for $10 million, claiming the series was plagiarizing his name. Jack Ass, formerly known as Bob Craft, changed his name in 1997 to raise awareness for drunk driving, after his brother and friend were killed in a vehicle accident.[6]

Ending and farewell

In a 2001 interview with Rolling Stone Magazine, Johnny Knoxville announced that the show would end after its third season aired so as to allow the show to end on a high note. He also stated discontent at MTV and the censors, who, from the start of season two, began to hound the show's producers with notes regarding what the show could and could not depict. When the third season ended in 2002, MTV (who owns the rights to the name "Jackass") contemplated keeping the show going with a new cast of characters (even running a teaser for the show's return during the 2002 VMA Awards Show) before opting to let the show die. Because of problems with MTV's standards and practices department as well as the sudden departure of Bam Margera and the CKY Crew halfway through season three, the Jackass crew did not attempt to create a finale to bring the show to a close.

MTV released a DVD box set in December of 2005. The box set included the three Jackass DVD volumes (which were not composed of all 3 entire seasons, but just 1:30-2:00 highlights of each season), a bonus disc that included the crew's trip to Gumball 3000, a "Where Are They Now" documentary, MTV Cribs Jackass Edition, and TV spots, and 48-page book of photos and inside stories.

Jackass: The Movie

Main article: Jackass: The Movie

After the show went off the air, the cast reunited in 2002 to film what they believed would be the conclusion of Jackass: a full-length motion picture version of the show entitled Jackass: The Movie. The cast made it clear that the film was their "farewell" to the fans of the show, and with the franchise taking the movie format, the cast and crew were now allowed to circumvent the censors, showing more vulgar stunts than the ones featured on the TV show. [7] Despite earlier disagreements, MTV Films assisted in the movie's distribution.

The movie, filmed on a budget of just $5 million, went on to gross over $60 million in the United States alone, and finished in the number 1 spot at the box office during its debut weekend.

Life after Jackass

With the hit show ended, each member of the cast found new work in movies and television, each gaining their own degree of success.

Johnny Knoxville pursued a career as an actor, appearing in such films as the 2004 remake of Walking Tall, The Dukes of Hazzard, Men in Black II, The Ringer, A Dirty Shame and Big Trouble.

Bam Margera and the CKY crew were given their own spin-off show Viva La Bam, which follows Margera and his family, who are often made the victim of the clique's practical jokes. Bam and the crew also have Radio Bam on Sirius radio. Margera has also been featured in Bam's Unholy Union, following him and his fiance Missy in the run-up to their wedding, while Brandon DiCamillo and Rake Yohn featured in Blastazoid, a short-lived show about video games.

When Viva La Bam finished its run, Ryan Dunn, who was part of Bam's crew on Viva La Bam, was given his own show Homewrecker, in which he finds revenge for helpless victims of practical jokes by renovating the prankster's room according to the original incident. The show only lasted one season.

Chris Pontius and Steve-O were also given their own spin-off show Wildboyz. Unlike Jackass and Viva La Bam, Wildboyz rejected the formula of practical jokes and instead features the two traveling the world in search of wild and exotic animals. Directed by Jackass director Jeff Tremaine, Wildboyz featured frequent guest appearances by fellow Jackasses Johnny Knoxville, Manny Puig, and Jason "Wee Man" Acuña.

Jackass Number Two

Main article: Jackass Number Two

With the release of Jackass: The Movie, director Jeff Tremaine and the rest of the Jackass cast believed that Jackass was finished and there would be no further projects under the franchise. However, during the final season of Wildboys, Johnny Knoxville joined his former castmates Chris Pontius and Steve-O on various expeditions around the world. It was said that Knoxville went so far out during the filming of the show that Tremaine pulled him aside and said "If you're willing to go this all out, why not get all the guys together and shoot another movie?" Knoxville agreed, and with both Viva La Bam and Wildboyz finishing their runs, the entire cast was available to reunite and film the sequel. [8]

Jackass Number Two was released on September 22, 2006, produced by MTV Films and distributed by Paramount Pictures. As was the case with its predecessor, Jackass Number Two topped the box office in its debut weekend, earning $29.01 million. Footage for several stunts featured Bam Margera's uncle Vincent "Don Vito" Margera, but the footage was removed from the theatrical release due to his arrest in August 2006 and the nature of the charges.

Possible return

On September 7, 2006, MTV featured a half hour documentary on the making of Jackass: Number Two. When asked if the film meant the end of Jackass, cast member Steve-O commented that the people who made money from the Jackass franchise still wanted money, hinting that the cast would still continue the franchise in one form or another. At the conclusion of the documentary, Johnny Knoxville reveals that he "had a hard time letting go" because he is "so hooked on doing stunts." Cameraman Dimitry Elyashkevich reveals that weeks after the film, Knoxville was so desperate to shoot that he would film himself running into street signs just for the sake of additional footage. Additionally, the other cast members talk of how Johnny was putting so much on the line for this movie. [9]

After the last day of filming, the documentary goes two weeks ahead where Johnny tells the camera that he made an agreement with director Jeff Tremaine that if he would stop shooting footage of himself for the time being, then Tremaine would let the Jackass crew film some newer material in November (presumably of 2006), as Knoxville "still had things he wanted to do". Also, as Knoxville is driving away in his car, he is heard exclaiming, "The show ain't over yet buddy!". Bam Margera jokingly muttered during the credits of the film "Please, please, please God; Don't let there be a Jackass 3! I don't even like doing 2!"

On September 5, 2007, Bam Margera announced on The Howard Stern Show that Jackass 2.5 will be released. He said that Jackass 2.5 would be a compilation DVD of stunts that did not make it to Jackass Number 2. One example of a stunt that Bam gave was where he pulled Don Vito's teeth out with his Lamborghini.

On September 25, 2007, while on The Howard Stern Show, Steve-O said "I was told to rest up for Jackass 3 which will start shooting in January." Not Jackass 2.5 which is set to be released around Christmas this year.

Jackass: The Game

Main article: Jackass: The Game

Jackass: The Game is being developed under license by Sidhe Interactive in Wellington, New Zealand for the PlayStation 2 and Playstation Portable. The game was first shown at the 2006 E3 behind closed doors[10]. The Nintendo DS version of the game is being developed by Sensory Sweep Studios, out of Salt Lake City, Utah. It is mentioned in the Jackass: Number Two commentary that the stunt where several members get punched in the face by a spring loaded boxing glove hidden behind a fake valentine on a wall had just come upstairs from shooting a promo for the video game. Johnny Knoxville and other members of the Jackass team also provided stunt ideas to the developer based on unused stunts from the show. [11] A trailer was released in June 2007 on the game's official website, along with the cover art.

Cast and Crew

Main Cast Members

* Johnny Knoxville
* Chris Pontius
* Steve-O
* Preston Lacy
* Jason "Wee Man" Acuña
* Bam Margera
* Ryan Dunn
* Brandon DiCamillo
* Dave England
* Ehren McGhehey

Recurring Cast Members

* Stephanie Hodge
* Rake Yohn
* Raab Himself
* Phil Margera
* April Margera
* Jess Margera
* Vincent "Don Vito" Margera
* Manny Puig
* Loomis Fall

Crew

* Jeff Tremaine - creator, director
* Spike Jonze - creator
* Dimitry Elyashkevich - main producer and cameraman
* Lance Bangs - cameraman
* Rick Kosick - main cameraman
* Knate Gwaltney - cameraman
* Greg "Guch" Iguchi - cameraman
* Sean Cliver - one of the show's producers

Celebrity appearances

* Tony Hawk - pro skateboarder; performed 'the loop' with Bam Margera
* Mat Hoffman - professional bmx rider, participated in "The Loop" and also appeared in "Jackass The Movie" during the "Clipper Cam" scenes.
* Brad Pitt - participated in the "Abduction" and "Night Monkey 2" skits
* Shaquille O'Neal - participated in one skit, in which he dry-humped Wee Man and Steve-O during the filming of a music video
* CKY - Drummer Jess Margera appears in several episodes. Jess and Deron Miller wake Phil up in the "heavy metal alarm clock" segment.
* Fatlip - slid down an escalator
* Ruby Wax and Maximillion Cooper - Gumball Rally special
* Diddy - slapped Bam and performed the "I'm Johnny Knoxville, welcome to Jackass" intro
* Hilary Swank - appeared in the Jellyfish stunt with Steve-O, filming the stunt. Left though not credited, but is noticed.
* Quinton Jackson - gave fighting tips to Ryan Dunn in a skit where Dunn eventually lost the fight after almost getting knocked out
* Daewon Song - In the "carpet skating" segment.

Similar groups

Various groups have created shows based on or similar to Jackass. These include:

* Extreme Duudsonit AKA The Dudesons
* Dirty Sanchez AKA Team Sanchez
* Tokyo Shock Boys
* Crazy Monkey
* Rad Girls

External links

* MTV: Jackass

References

1. ^ Epstein, Daniel Robert, "Number Two director Jeff Tremaine"
2. ^ "Where Are They Now?", Jackass: The Box Set (2005), Paramount / MTV studios, 2005, ASIN: B000BDH69O
3. ^ "AbsolutJacakss: Your Official Source for Johnny Knoxville - Biography" [1] (accessed 19 July 2007)
4. ^ http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=208679
5. ^ http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=208668
6. ^ http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/mrjackass1.html
7. ^ "The Making of Jackass: The Movie", Jackass - The Movie (Unrated Special Collector's Edition) (DVD), 2006, Paramount Pictures / MTV Films, ASIN: B000GBEWHK
8. ^ "The Making of Jackass Number Two", Jackass Number Two (Unrated Special Collector's Edition) (DVD), 2006, Paramount Pictures / MTV Films, ASIN: B000JLTRJK
9. ^ "The Making of Jackass Number Two", Jackass Number Two (Unrated Special Collector's Edition) (DVD), 2006, Paramount Pictures / MTV Films, ASIN: B000JLTRJK
10. ^ http://ps2.ign.com/articles/707/707991p1.html
11. ^ http://www.gamingtarget.com/article.php?artid=6973

[hide] v • d • e Jackass
Main Cast Johnny Knoxville | Bam Margera | Steve-O | Chris Pontius | Ryan Dunn | Jason "Wee Man" Acuña
Preston Lacy | Dave England | Ehren McGhehey
Supporting Cast Brandon DiCamillo | Ted "Rake Yohn" Webb | Chris "Raab Himself" Raab | Phil Margera | April Margera
Manny Puig
Crew Jeff Tremaine | Spike Jonze | Dimitry Elyashkevich | Rick Kosick | Lance Bangs
Television shows Jackass | Wildboyz | Viva La Bam | Homewrecker | Blastazoid | Bam's Unholy Union | Dr. Steve-O
Films Jackass: The Movie | Jackass Number Two | Jackass 3
Miscellaneous Big Brother | Corona | Jackass 2.5 | Jackass: The Game | CKY Crew | CKY Videos | Haggard: The Movie
Don't Try This At Home: The Steve-O Video
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackass_%28TV_series%29"

Categories: Articles lacking sources from May 2007 | All articles lacking sources | CKY | 2000 television series debuts | 2000s American television series | MTV television series | American reality television series | American comedy television series | 2002 television series endings
_________________
''Der Mensch der Erkenntniss muss nicht nur seine Feinde lieben, er muss auch seine Freunde hassen können.''
-Friedrich Nietzsche
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Visit poster's website
Rarusu
Viking


Joined: 22 Nov 2007
Posts: 2316
Location: Norway

PostPosted: Sun Dec 30, 2007 7:47 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hmm.... i smell......................JACKASS!!!

Jackass (TV series)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article does not cite any references or sources. (May 2007)
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unverifiable material may be challenged and removed.
Jackass

Jackass warning screen
Format Reality television
Created by Johnny Knoxville
Spike Jonze
Jeff Tremaine
Starring Johnny Knoxville
Bam Margera
Steve-O
Chris Pontius
Ryan Dunn
Brandon DiCamillo
Ehren McGhehey
Dave England
Preston Lacy
Jason "Wee-Man" Acuña
Opening theme "Corona" by Minutemen
No. of seasons 3
No. of episodes 25
Production
Running time 22 – 23 Minutes
Broadcast
Original channel MTV
Original run October 1, 2000 – February 17, 2002
Chronology
Followed by Jackass: The Movie
External links
Official website
IMDb profile
TV.com summary

Jackass is an American television series, originally shown on MTV from 2000 to 2002, featuring people performing various dangerous, ridiculous, and self-injuring stunts and pranks. The show served as a launchpad for the television and acting careers of Johnny Knoxville and Bam Margera. Since 2002, two Jackass theatrical films have been produced and released by MTV corporate sibling Paramount Pictures, continuing the franchise after its run on television. It is one of MTV's most popular shows ever and sparked several spin-offs including Viva La Bam, Wildboyz, Homewrecker, Dr. Steve-O, and Blastazoid.
Contents
[hide]

* 1 History
o 1.1 Birth of the show
o 1.2 Controversy
o 1.3 Ending and farewell
o 1.4 Jackass: The Movie
o 1.5 Life after Jackass
o 1.6 Jackass Number Two
o 1.7 Possible return
* 2 Jackass: The Game
* 3 Cast and Crew
o 3.1 Main Cast Members
o 3.2 Recurring Cast Members
o 3.3 Crew
o 3.4 Celebrity appearances
* 4 Similar groups
* 5 External links
* 6 References

History

Birth of the show

The show developed from Big Brother Magazine, a skateboarding-related humor magazine that Jeff Tremaine, Dave Carnie, Rick Kosick and Chris Pontius all worked for, and featured regular contributions from Johnny Knoxville and Dave England, among others. The concept of Jackass dates back to 1999 when struggling-actor-turned-writer Johnny Knoxville birthed the idea to test different self defense devices on himself as the basis for an article. He pitched the idea to a couple of magazines and was turned down until meeting with Jeff Tremaine of Big Brother. Jeff hired him as a journalist and convinced Johnny to videotape this idea and other stunts for stories. The footage, which involved Knoxville being tasered, maced, and ultimately shot while wearing a bulletproof vest, appeared in the second Big Brother skateboarding movie Number Two (which is also the title of the second Jackass theatrical film) Johnny and the videos quickly became a hit. Future Jackass castmember Wee-Man made an appearance in the videos, and Florida clown Steve-O would send in submissions to be part of the videos. [1]

Big Brother would go on road trips, which is believed to be where Johnny met Bam Margera and they became good friends. In addition to skateboarding, Bam Margera had recently released a movie entitled Landspeed:CKY which consisted of himself and his friends, which he dubbed the "CKY Crew", in West Chester, Pennsylvania performing various skits and stunts. Among the Crew included the colorful cast of Ryan Dunn, Brandon Dicamillo, as well as Margera's family April, Phil, Don Vito, and Jess Margera. Jeff Tremaine saw the tapes and drafted Bam and his crew into what would become the cast of Jackass. Later, the Jackass crew would personally recruit Steve-O in a Florida Flea Market where he worked as a clown for part of the show. To round out the cast, Dave England brought in his friend Ehren McGhehey, a fellow Oregon resident and extreme stunt participator. [2]

Tremaine drafted his friend, director Spike Jonze to get involved with the show, and together, he, Jonze, and Johnny Knoxville served as executive producers. The idea show was pitched, and the cast was initially given an offer by Saturday Night Live to perform the stunts weekly for the show, though the offer was turned down. A bidding war eventually occurred between Comedy Central and MTV, which MTV eventually won. It was then that Jackass was born. [3]

Controversy

Since the first episode, Jackass frequently featured warnings and disclaimers noting that the stunts performed were dangerous and should not be imitated, and that recordings of any stunts would not be aired on MTV. Such warnings not only appeared before and after each program and after each commercial break, but also in a "crawl" that ran along the bottom of the screen during some especially risky stunts. Nevertheless, the program has been blamed for a number of deaths and injuries involving teens and children recreating the stunts.

On January 29, 2001, U.S. Senator Joseph Lieberman (D-Connecticut) publicly condemned MTV and Jackass in connection with a dangerous stunt that led to a copycat incident in which a 13-year-old Connecticut teenager was left in critical condition with severe burns.[4] Lieberman followed up with a February 7, 2001 letter to MTV's parent company Viacom urging the company to take greater responsibility for its programming and do more to help parents protect their children.[5] MTV responded to the criticism by canceling all airings of Jackass before 10:00 PM, but Lieberman's continual campaign against the show led to MTV refusing to air repeats of the later episodes, a move which angered the cast and production crew of the series who were furious with MTV's "caving into Lieberman's demands."

A man named Jack Ass sued MTV for $10 million, claiming the series was plagiarizing his name. Jack Ass, formerly known as Bob Craft, changed his name in 1997 to raise awareness for drunk driving, after his brother and friend were killed in a vehicle accident.[6]

Ending and farewell

In a 2001 interview with Rolling Stone Magazine, Johnny Knoxville announced that the show would end after its third season aired so as to allow the show to end on a high note. He also stated discontent at MTV and the censors, who, from the start of season two, began to hound the show's producers with notes regarding what the show could and could not depict. When the third season ended in 2002, MTV (who owns the rights to the name "Jackass") contemplated keeping the show going with a new cast of characters (even running a teaser for the show's return during the 2002 VMA Awards Show) before opting to let the show die. Because of problems with MTV's standards and practices department as well as the sudden departure of Bam Margera and the CKY Crew halfway through season three, the Jackass crew did not attempt to create a finale to bring the show to a close.

MTV released a DVD box set in December of 2005. The box set included the three Jackass DVD volumes (which were not composed of all 3 entire seasons, but just 1:30-2:00 highlights of each season), a bonus disc that included the crew's trip to Gumball 3000, a "Where Are They Now" documentary, MTV Cribs Jackass Edition, and TV spots, and 48-page book of photos and inside stories.

Jackass: The Movie

Main article: Jackass: The Movie

After the show went off the air, the cast reunited in 2002 to film what they believed would be the conclusion of Jackass: a full-length motion picture version of the show entitled Jackass: The Movie. The cast made it clear that the film was their "farewell" to the fans of the show, and with the franchise taking the movie format, the cast and crew were now allowed to circumvent the censors, showing more vulgar stunts than the ones featured on the TV show. [7] Despite earlier disagreements, MTV Films assisted in the movie's distribution.

The movie, filmed on a budget of just $5 million, went on to gross over $60 million in the United States alone, and finished in the number 1 spot at the box office during its debut weekend.

Life after Jackass

With the hit show ended, each member of the cast found new work in movies and television, each gaining their own degree of success.

Johnny Knoxville pursued a career as an actor, appearing in such films as the 2004 remake of Walking Tall, The Dukes of Hazzard, Men in Black II, The Ringer, A Dirty Shame and Big Trouble.

Bam Margera and the CKY crew were given their own spin-off show Viva La Bam, which follows Margera and his family, who are often made the victim of the clique's practical jokes. Bam and the crew also have Radio Bam on Sirius radio. Margera has also been featured in Bam's Unholy Union, following him and his fiance Missy in the run-up to their wedding, while Brandon DiCamillo and Rake Yohn featured in Blastazoid, a short-lived show about video games.

When Viva La Bam finished its run, Ryan Dunn, who was part of Bam's crew on Viva La Bam, was given his own show Homewrecker, in which he finds revenge for helpless victims of practical jokes by renovating the prankster's room according to the original incident. The show only lasted one season.

Chris Pontius and Steve-O were also given their own spin-off show Wildboyz. Unlike Jackass and Viva La Bam, Wildboyz rejected the formula of practical jokes and instead features the two traveling the world in search of wild and exotic animals. Directed by Jackass director Jeff Tremaine, Wildboyz featured frequent guest appearances by fellow Jackasses Johnny Knoxville, Manny Puig, and Jason "Wee Man" Acuña.

Jackass Number Two

Main article: Jackass Number Two

With the release of Jackass: The Movie, director Jeff Tremaine and the rest of the Jackass cast believed that Jackass was finished and there would be no further projects under the franchise. However, during the final season of Wildboys, Johnny Knoxville joined his former castmates Chris Pontius and Steve-O on various expeditions around the world. It was said that Knoxville went so far out during the filming of the show that Tremaine pulled him aside and said "If you're willing to go this all out, why not get all the guys together and shoot another movie?" Knoxville agreed, and with both Viva La Bam and Wildboyz finishing their runs, the entire cast was available to reunite and film the sequel. [8]

Jackass Number Two was released on September 22, 2006, produced by MTV Films and distributed by Paramount Pictures. As was the case with its predecessor, Jackass Number Two topped the box office in its debut weekend, earning $29.01 million. Footage for several stunts featured Bam Margera's uncle Vincent "Don Vito" Margera, but the footage was removed from the theatrical release due to his arrest in August 2006 and the nature of the charges.

Possible return

On September 7, 2006, MTV featured a half hour documentary on the making of Jackass: Number Two. When asked if the film meant the end of Jackass, cast member Steve-O commented that the people who made money from the Jackass franchise still wanted money, hinting that the cast would still continue the franchise in one form or another. At the conclusion of the documentary, Johnny Knoxville reveals that he "had a hard time letting go" because he is "so hooked on doing stunts." Cameraman Dimitry Elyashkevich reveals that weeks after the film, Knoxville was so desperate to shoot that he would film himself running into street signs just for the sake of additional footage. Additionally, the other cast members talk of how Johnny was putting so much on the line for this movie. [9]

After the last day of filming, the documentary goes two weeks ahead where Johnny tells the camera that he made an agreement with director Jeff Tremaine that if he would stop shooting footage of himself for the time being, then Tremaine would let the Jackass crew film some newer material in November (presumably of 2006), as Knoxville "still had things he wanted to do". Also, as Knoxville is driving away in his car, he is heard exclaiming, "The show ain't over yet buddy!". Bam Margera jokingly muttered during the credits of the film "Please, please, please God; Don't let there be a Jackass 3! I don't even like doing 2!"

On September 5, 2007, Bam Margera announced on The Howard Stern Show that Jackass 2.5 will be released. He said that Jackass 2.5 would be a compilation DVD of stunts that did not make it to Jackass Number 2. One example of a stunt that Bam gave was where he pulled Don Vito's teeth out with his Lamborghini.

On September 25, 2007, while on The Howard Stern Show, Steve-O said "I was told to rest up for Jackass 3 which will start shooting in January." Not Jackass 2.5 which is set to be released around Christmas this year.

Jackass: The Game

Main article: Jackass: The Game

Jackass: The Game is being developed under license by Sidhe Interactive in Wellington, New Zealand for the PlayStation 2 and Playstation Portable. The game was first shown at the 2006 E3 behind closed doors[10]. The Nintendo DS version of the game is being developed by Sensory Sweep Studios, out of Salt Lake City, Utah. It is mentioned in the Jackass: Number Two commentary that the stunt where several members get punched in the face by a spring loaded boxing glove hidden behind a fake valentine on a wall had just come upstairs from shooting a promo for the video game. Johnny Knoxville and other members of the Jackass team also provided stunt ideas to the developer based on unused stunts from the show. [11] A trailer was released in June 2007 on the game's official website, along with the cover art.

Cast and Crew

Main Cast Members

* Johnny Knoxville
* Chris Pontius
* Steve-O
* Preston Lacy
* Jason "Wee Man" Acuña
* Bam Margera
* Ryan Dunn
* Brandon DiCamillo
* Dave England
* Ehren McGhehey

Recurring Cast Members

* Stephanie Hodge
* Rake Yohn
* Raab Himself
* Phil Margera
* April Margera
* Jess Margera
* Vincent "Don Vito" Margera
* Manny Puig
* Loomis Fall

Crew

* Jeff Tremaine - creator, director
* Spike Jonze - creator
* Dimitry Elyashkevich - main producer and cameraman
* Lance Bangs - cameraman
* Rick Kosick - main cameraman
* Knate Gwaltney - cameraman
* Greg "Guch" Iguchi - cameraman
* Sean Cliver - one of the show's producers

Celebrity appearances

* Tony Hawk - pro skateboarder; performed 'the loop' with Bam Margera
* Mat Hoffman - professional bmx rider, participated in "The Loop" and also appeared in "Jackass The Movie" during the "Clipper Cam" scenes.
* Brad Pitt - participated in the "Abduction" and "Night Monkey 2" skits
* Shaquille O'Neal - participated in one skit, in which he dry-humped Wee Man and Steve-O during the filming of a music video
* CKY - Drummer Jess Margera appears in several episodes. Jess and Deron Miller wake Phil up in the "heavy metal alarm clock" segment.
* Fatlip - slid down an escalator
* Ruby Wax and Maximillion Cooper - Gumball Rally special
* Diddy - slapped Bam and performed the "I'm Johnny Knoxville, welcome to Jackass" intro
* Hilary Swank - appeared in the Jellyfish stunt with Steve-O, filming the stunt. Left though not credited, but is noticed.
* Quinton Jackson - gave fighting tips to Ryan Dunn in a skit where Dunn eventually lost the fight after almost getting knocked out
* Daewon Song - In the "carpet skating" segment.

Similar groups

Various groups have created shows based on or similar to Jackass. These include:

* Extreme Duudsonit AKA The Dudesons
* Dirty Sanchez AKA Team Sanchez
* Tokyo Shock Boys
* Crazy Monkey
* Rad Girls

External links

* MTV: Jackass

References

1. ^ Epstein, Daniel Robert, "Number Two director Jeff Tremaine"
2. ^ "Where Are They Now?", Jackass: The Box Set (2005), Paramount / MTV studios, 2005, ASIN: B000BDH69O
3. ^ "AbsolutJacakss: Your Official Source for Johnny Knoxville - Biography" [1] (accessed 19 July 2007)
4. ^ http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=208679
5. ^ http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=208668
6. ^ http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/mrjackass1.html
7. ^ "The Making of Jackass: The Movie", Jackass - The Movie (Unrated Special Collector's Edition) (DVD), 2006, Paramount Pictures / MTV Films, ASIN: B000GBEWHK
8. ^ "The Making of Jackass Number Two", Jackass Number Two (Unrated Special Collector's Edition) (DVD), 2006, Paramount Pictures / MTV Films, ASIN: B000JLTRJK
9. ^ "The Making of Jackass Number Two", Jackass Number Two (Unrated Special Collector's Edition) (DVD), 2006, Paramount Pictures / MTV Films, ASIN: B000JLTRJK
10. ^ http://ps2.ign.com/articles/707/707991p1.html
11. ^ http://www.gamingtarget.com/article.php?artid=6973

[hide] v • d • e Jackass
Main Cast Johnny Knoxville | Bam Margera | Steve-O | Chris Pontius | Ryan Dunn | Jason "Wee Man" Acuña
Preston Lacy | Dave England | Ehren McGhehey
Supporting Cast Brandon DiCamillo | Ted "Rake Yohn" Webb | Chris "Raab Himself" Raab | Phil Margera | April Margera
Manny Puig
Crew Jeff Tremaine | Spike Jonze | Dimitry Elyashkevich | Rick Kosick | Lance Bangs
Television shows Jackass | Wildboyz | Viva La Bam | Homewrecker | Blastazoid | Bam's Unholy Union | Dr. Steve-O
Films Jackass: The Movie | Jackass Number Two | Jackass 3
Miscellaneous Big Brother | Corona | Jackass 2.5 | Jackass: The Game | CKY Crew | CKY Videos | Haggard: The Movie
Don't Try This At Home: The Steve-O Video
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackass_%28TV_series%29"

Categories: Articles lacking sources from May 2007 | All articles lacking sources | CKY | 2000 television series debuts | 2000s American television series | MTV television series | American reality television series | American comedy television series | 2002 television series endings
_________________
''Der Mensch der Erkenntniss muss nicht nur seine Feinde lieben, er muss auch seine Freunde hassen können.''
-Friedrich Nietzsche
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Visit poster's website
Sameo
Forum Regular


Joined: 27 Dec 2007
Posts: 15

PostPosted: Sun Dec 30, 2007 9:30 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Ron Paul had a baby
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message
Object13
Official A.D.D Mascot


Joined: 26 Jun 2007
Posts: 1507
Location: Yakima, WA

PostPosted: Sun Dec 30, 2007 10:37 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

wtf?!
i think danny is mad about something?
_________________
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message AIM Address MSN Messenger
CrowBar
Pornstar


Joined: 05 Oct 2007
Posts: 244
Location: Netherlands

PostPosted: Mon Dec 31, 2007 4:46 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hmm I smell...PUTIN!!

Vladimir Putin
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin
Владимир Владимирович Путин



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2nd President of the Russian Federation
Incumbent
Assumed office
May 7, 2000
(acting president from December 31, 1999)
Prime Minister Mikhail Kasyanov
Viktor Khristenko
Mikhail Fradkov
Viktor Zubkov
Preceded by Boris Yeltsin

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prime Minister of the Russian Federation
In office
08 August 1999 – 07 May 2000
President Boris Yeltsin
Preceded by Sergei Stepashin
Succeeded by Mikhail Kasyanov

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Born 07 October 1952 (1952-10-07) (age 55)
Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Political party formally independent[1][2], but supports United Russia
Spouse Lyudmila Putina
Religion Russian Orthodox[3]
Signature
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: Владимир Владимирович Путин (help·info)) (born October 7, 1952) is the current President of the Russian Federation. He became acting President on December 31, 1999, succeeding Boris Yeltsin, and was sworn in as President following the elections on May 7, 2000. In 2004, he was re-elected for a second term, which expires in May 2008. He is Time Magazine's Person of the Year for 2007.[4]

Contents [hide]
1 Early years and KGB career
2 Early political and business career
3 Prime Minister
4 President
4.1 First term
4.2 Second term
4.3 Foreign policy
4.4 Domestic support and criticism
5 Political future
6 Family and personal life
6.1 Personal wealth
6.2 Martial arts
7 Honours
8 Anecdotes
9 Key speeches
10 References and notes
11 External links



[edit] Early years and KGB career
Putin was born in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg) on October 7, 1952.[5] A book, От Первого Лица[6] (Romanization: Ot Pervovo Litsa, translation: From the First Person), based on his interviews, translated into English in 2000 and paid for by his election campaign, speaks of humble beginnings, including early years in a communal apartment. According to him, in his youth he was eager to emulate the intelligence officer characters played on the Soviet screen by actors such as Vyacheslav Tikhonov and Georgiy Zhzhonov.

His mother, Maria Ivanovna Putina, was a factory worker and his father, Vladimir Spiridonovich Putin, was conscripted into the Soviet Navy, where he served in the submarine fleet in the early 1930s. His father subsequently served with the NKVD in a sabotage group [23] during the Second World War. Two elder brothers were born in the mid-1930s; one died within a few months of birth; the second succumbed to diphtheria during the siege of Leningrad. His paternal grandfather, Spiridon Putin, had been Vladimir Lenin's and Joseph Stalin's personal cook.[7]

Putin graduated from the International Branch of the Law Department of the Leningrad State University in 1975. His final thesis was Принцип наиболее благоприятствующей нации в международном праве [Principle most conducive to the nation in international law][24] Then he was recruited into the KGB. At the University he also became a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and has never formally resigned from it.[8][9]

He worked in the Leningrad and Leningrad region Directorate of the KGB, where he became acquainted with Sergei Ivanov.[10]

In 1976 he completed KGB retraining courses. In 1978 he entered other foreign intelligence in Moscow. After completing the training he served in the First Department of the Leningrad Directorate (foreign intelligence) until 1983. In 1983-1984 he studied at the KGB High School in Moscow. In 1984 Putin was promoted to Major.

From 1985 to 1990 the KGB stationed Putin in Dresden, East Germany,[11] in what he regards as a minor position. Following the collapse of the East German regime, Putin was recalled to the Soviet Union and returned to Leningrad, where in June 1991 he assumed a position with the International Affairs section of Leningrad State University, reporting to Vice-Rector Yuriy Molchanov. In his new position, Putin grew reacquainted with Anatoly Sobchak, then mayor of Leningrad. Sobchak served as an Assistant Professor during Putin's university years and was one of Putin's lecturers. Putin formally resigned from the state security services on August 20, 1991, during the KGB-supported abortive putsch against Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev.


[edit] Early political and business career
In May 1990 Putin was appointed Mayor Sobchak's adviser on international affairs. On June 28, 1991, he was appointed head of the Committee for External Relations of the St. Petersburg Mayor's Office, with responsibility for promoting international relations and foreign investments. The Committee was also used to register business ventures in St. Petersburg.[12] During the time Putin led this Committee, Alexei Miller, the current CEO of Gazprom, also served on it from (December 15, 1991–1996), as well as a number of other prominent politicians and businesspeople, and was a deputy head of the Committee from 1992-1996.[13] Less than one year after taking control of the committee, Putin was investigated by a commission of the city legislative council. Commission deputies Marina Salye and Yury Gladkov concluded that Putin understated prices and issued licenses permitting the export of non-ferrous metals valued at a total of $93 million in exchange for food aid from abroad that never came to the city.[14][15][16][17][18][8] The commission recommended Putin be fired, but there were no immediate consequences. Putin remained head of the Committee for External Relations until 1996. While heading the Committee for External Relations, from 1992 to March 2000 Putin was also on the advisory board of the German real estate holding St. Petersburg Immobilien und Beteiligungs AG (SPAG) which has been investigated by German prosecutors for money laundering.[19][20][21][22][23][24][12]

From 1994 to 1997, Putin was appointed to additional positions in the St. Petersburg political arena. In March 1994 he became first deputy head of the administration of the city of Saint Petersburg. In 1995 (through June 1997) Putin led the St. Petersburg branch of the pro-government Our Home Is Russia political party.[25][8] During this same period from 1995 through June 1997 he was also the head of the Advisory Board of the JSC Newspaper Sankt-Peterburgskie Vedomosti.[12][25]

In 1996 Anatoly Sobchak lost the St. Petersburg mayoral election to Vladimir Yakovlev. Putin was called to Moscow and in June 1996 assumed position of a Deputy Chief of the Presidential Property Management Department headed by Pavel Borodin. He occupied this position until March 1997. On March 26, 1997 President Boris Yeltsin appointed Putin deputy chief of Presidential Staff, which he remained until May 1998, and chief of the Main Control Directorate of the Presidential Property Management Department (until June 1998).

On June 27, 1997, at the Saint Petersburg Mining Institute Putin defended his Candidate of Science dissertation in economics titled "The Strategic Planning of Regional Resources Under the Formation of Market Relations".[26] According to Clifford G Gaddy, a senior fellow at The Brookings Institute, 16 of the 20 pages that open a key section of Putin’s work were copied either word for word or with minute alterations from a management study, Strategic Planning and Policy, written by US professors William King and David Cleland and translated into Russian by a KGB-related institute in the early 1990s.[27]

On May 25, 1998 Vladimir Putin was appointed First Deputy Chief of Presidential Staff for regions, (replacing Viktoriya Mitina), and on July 15 of the same year - the Head of the Commission for the preparation of agreements on the delimitation of power of regions and the federal center attached to the President (replacing Sergey Shakhray). After Putin's appointment, the commission completed no such agreements, although during Shakhray's term as the Head of the Commission there were 46 agreements signed.[28]

On July 25, 1998 Yeltsin appointed Vladimir Putin head of the FSB (one of the successor agencies to the KGB), the position Putin occupied until August 1999. He became a permanent member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation on October 1, 1998 and its Secretary on March 29, 1999. In April 1999, FSB Chief Vladimir Putin and Interior Minister Sergei Stepashin held a televised press conference in which they discussed a video that had aired nationwide March 17 on the state-controlled Russia TV channel which showed a naked man very similar to the Prosecutor General of Russia, Yury Skuratov, in bed with two young women. Putin claimed that expert FSB analysis proved the man on the tape to be Skuratov and that the orgy had been paid for by persons investigated for criminal offences.[29][30] Skuratov had been adversarial toward President Yeltsin and had been aggressively investigating government corruption[31].

On June 15, 2000, The Times reported that Spanish police discovered that Putin had secretly visited a villa in Spain belonging to the oligarch Boris Berezovsky on up to five different occasions in 1999.[32]


[edit] Prime Minister
See also: Second Chechen War
On August 9, 1999, Vladimir Putin was appointed one of three First Deputy Prime Ministers, which enabled him later on that day, as the previous government led by Sergei Stepashin had been sacked, to be appointed acting Prime Minister of the Government of the Russian Federation by President Boris Yeltsin.[33] Yeltsin also announced that he wanted to see Putin as his successor. Later, that same day, Putin agreed to run for the presidency.[34] On August 16, the State Duma approved his appointment as Prime Minister with 233 votes in favour (vs. 84 against, 17 abstained),[35] while a simple majority of 226 was required, making him Russia's fifth PM in less than eighteen months. On his appointment, few expected Putin, virtually unknown to the general public, to last any longer than his predecessors. Yeltsin's main opponents and would-be successors, Moscow Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov and former Chairman of the Russian Government Yevgeniy Primakov, were already campaigning to replace the ailing president, and they fought hard to prevent Putin's emergence as a potential successor. Putin's law-and-order image and his unrelenting approach to the renewed crisis in Chechnya soon combined to raise his popularity and allowed him to overtake all rivals.

Putin's rise to public office in August 1999 coincided with an aggressive resurgence of the near-dormant conflict in the North Caucasus, when Chechen separatists regrouped and invaded neighboring Dagestan. Both in Russia and abroad, Putin's public image was forged by his tough handling of the war. On assuming the role of acting President on December 31, 1999, Putin went on a previously scheduled visit to Russian troops in Chechnya. In recent years, Putin has distanced himself from the management of the continuing conflict. In 2003, a referendum was held in Chechnya adopting a new constitution which declares the Republic as a part of Russia. The situation has been gradually stabilized with the parliamentary elections and the establishment of a regional government.[36][37][38][39][40]

While not formally associated with any party, Putin pledged his support to the newly formed Unity Party,[41] which won the second largest percentage of the popular vote (23,32%) in the December 1999 Duma elections, and in turn he was supported by it. Putin appeared to be ideally positioned to win the presidency in elections due the following summer.


[edit] President
See also: Vladimir Putin legislation and program

[edit] First term

President Putin receives Donald Rumsfeld at the Kremlin in November 2001.His rise to Russia's highest office ended up being even more rapid: on December 31, 1999, Yeltsin unexpectedly resigned and, according to the constitution, Putin became (acting) President of the Russian Federation.

The first Decree that Putin signed December 31, 1999, was the one "On guarantees for former president of the Russian Federation and members of his family".[42][43] This ensured that "corruption charges against the outgoing President and his relatives" would not be pursued, although this claim is not strictly verifiable.[44] Later on February 12, 2001 Putin signed a federal law on guarantees for former presidents and their families (See Vladimir Putin legislation and program), which replaced the similar decree. In 1999, Yeltsin and his family were under scrutiny for charges related to money-laundering by the Russian and Swiss authorities.[45]

While his opponents had been preparing for an election in June 2000, Yeltsin's resignation resulted in the elections being held within three months, in March. This put all of his opponents at a disadvantage, giving him the element of surprise and an eventual victory. Presidential elections were held on March 26, 2000; Putin won in the first round.

Vladimir Putin was inaugurated president on May 7, 2000. Having announced his intention to consolidate power in the country into a strict vertical, in May 2000 he issued a decree dividing 89 federal subjects of Russia between 7 federal districts overseen by representatives of him in order to facilitate federal administration. In July 2000, according to a law proposed by him and approved by the Russian parliament, Putin also gained the right to dismiss heads of the federal subjects.

In December 2000, Putin sanctioned the law to change the National Anthem of Russia. At the time the Anthem had music by Glinka and no words. The change was to restore (with a minor modification) the music of the post-1944 Soviet anthem by Alexandrov, while the new text was composed by Mikhalkov.[46][47]

The arrest in early July 2003 of Platon Lebedev, a Mikhail Khodorkovsky partner and second largest shareholder in Yukos, on suspicion of illegally acquiring a stake in a state-owned fertiliser firm, Apatit, in 1994, foreshadowed what by the end of the year became a full-fledged prosecutorial attack on Yukos and its management.


[edit] Second term
See also: National Priority Projects
On March 14, 2004, Putin was re-elected to the presidency for a second term, earning 71 percent of the vote. During the term, Putin was widely criticized in the West for what many observers considered a wide-scale crackdown on media freedoms. At the same time, according to 2005 research by VCIOM, the share of Russians approving censorship on TV grew in a year from 63% to 82%; sociologists believed that Russians were not voting in favor of press freedom suppression, but rather for expulsion of ethically doubtful material (such as scenes of violence and sex).[48]

On September 13, 2004, following the Beslan school hostage crisis, Putin suggested the creation of a Public Chamber of Russia and launched an initiative to replace the direct election of the governors and presidents of Federal subjects of Russia with a system whereby they would be proposed by the President and approved or disapproved by regional legislatures.[49][50] He also initiated the merger of a number of federal subjects of Russia into larger entities.

According to various Russian and western media reports, one of the major domestic issue concerns for President Putin were the problems arising from the ongoing demographic and social trends in Russia, such as the death rate being higher than the birth rate, cyclical poverty, and housing concerns within the Russian Federation. In 2005, four "national projects" were launched in the fields of health care, education, housing and agriculture. In his May 2006 annual speech, Putin proposed increasing maternity benefits and prenatal care for women. Putin was strident about the need to reform the judiciary considering the present federal judiciary as being "Sovietesque", wherein many of the judges hand down the same verdicts as they would under the old Soviet judiciary structure, and preferring instead a judiciary that interpreted and implemented the code to the current situation. In 2005, responsibility for federal prisons was transferred from the Interior Ministry to the Ministry of Justice.

One of the most controversial aspects of Putin's second term was the continuation of the criminal prosecution of one of Russia's richest men, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, President of Yukos oil company, for fraud and tax evasion. While much of the international press saw this as a reaction against Khodorkovsky's funding for political opponents of the Kremlin, both liberal and communist, the Russian government has argued that Khodorkovsky was engaged in corrupting a large segment of the Duma to prevent changes in the tax code aimed at taxing windfall profits and closing offshore tax evasion vehicles. Many of the initial privatizations, including that of Yukos, are widely believed to have been fraudulent (Yukos, valued at some $30bn in 2004, had been privatized for $110 million), and like other oligarchic groups, the Yukos-Menatep name has been frequently tarred with accusations of links to criminal organizations. The subsequent fate of Yukos was seen by commentators as a sign of a broader shift toward a system normally described as state capitalism.[51][52]

Since February 2006, the political philosophy of Putin's administration has often been described as "sovereign democracy", the term being used both with positive and pejorative connotations. The term quickly gained currency within Russia and arguably unified various political elites around it. According to its proponents' interpretation, the government's actions and policies ought above all to enjoy popular support within Russia itself and not be determined from outside the country.[53][54] Most observers outside Russia derided the term as a subterfuge to mask what is otherwise known as dictatorship.[55]

In a 2007 interview with newspaper journalists from G8 countries, Putin spoke out in favor of a longer presidential term in Russia, saying "a term of five, six or seven years in office would be entirely acceptable".[56][57] According to the constitution of Russia, the President is elected for a term of four years.[58]

On September 12, 2007, Russian news agencies reported that Putin dissolved the government upon the request of Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov. Fradkov commented that it was to give the President a "free hand" to make decisions in the run-up to the parliamentary election.[59] Viktor Zubkov was appointed the new prime minister.

In December 2007, Putin-backed United Russia won 64.24% of the popular vote in their run for State Duma according to election preliminary results.[60] Their closest competitor, the Communist Party of Russia, won approximately 12% of votes.[61] United Russia's victory in December 2007 elections is seen by many as an indication of strong popular support of the current Russian leadership and its policies.[62][63]

The end of 2007 saw what both Russian and Western analysts view as an increasingly bitter infighting between various factions of the siloviki that make up a significant part of Putin's inner circle.[64][65] [66][67][68][69][70][71]


[edit] Foreign policy
Main article: Foreign relations of Russia
In international affairs, Putin has been publicly increasingly critical of the foreign policies of the US and other Western countries. In February 2007, at the annual Munich Conference on Security Policy, he criticised what he calls as the United States' monopolistic dominance in global relations, and pointed out that the United States displayed an "almost uncontained hyper use of force in international relations". He said the result of it is that "no one feels safe! Because no one can feel that international law is like a stone wall that will protect them. Of course such a policy stimulates an arms race."[72]

He called for a "fair and democratic world order that would ensure security and prosperity not only for a select few, but for all". He proposed certain initiatives such as establishing international centres for the enrichment of uranium and prevention of deploying weapons in outer space.[72] In his January 2007 interview Putin said Russia is in favour of a democratic multipolar world and of strengthening the system of international law.[73]


Putin with US President George W. Bush at Prairie Chapel RanchWhile Putin is often characterised as an autocrat by the Western media and some politicians[74][75], his relationship with US President George W. Bush, former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, former German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, former French President Jacques Chirac, and former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi are reported to be personally friendly. Putin's relationship with Germany's new Chancellor, Angela Merkel, is reported to be "cooler" and "more business-like" than his partnership with Gerhard Schröder.[76]

In the wake of the September 11 attacks on the United States, he agreed to the establishment of coalition military bases in Central Asia before and during the US-led invasion of Afghanistan. Russian nationalists objected to the establishment of any US military presence on the territory of the former Soviet Union, and had expected Putin to keep the US out of the Central Asian republics, or at the very least extract a commitment from Washington to withdraw from these bases as soon as the immediate military necessity had passed.

During the Iraq crisis of 2003, Putin opposed Washington's move to invade Iraq without the benefit of a United Nations Security Council resolution explicitly authorizing the use of military force. After the official end of the war was announced, American president George W. Bush asked the United Nations to lift sanctions on Iraq. Putin supported lifting of the sanctions in due course, arguing that the UN commission first be given a chance to complete its work on the search for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.

In 2005, Putin and former German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder negotiated the construction of a major gas pipeline over the Baltic exclusively between Russia and Germany. Schröder also attended Putin's 53rd birthday in Saint Petersburg the same year.

The CIS, seen in Moscow as its traditional sphere of influence, became one of the foreign policy priorities under Putin, as the EU and NATO have grown to encompass much of Central Europe and, more recently, the Baltic states.


Putin (center) at the 2006 APEC gala dinner with Roh Moo-hyun, Kwon Yang-sook, George W. Bush (right), and Laura Bush (far right)During the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election, Putin twice visited Ukraine before the election to show his support for Ukrainian Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych, who was widely seen as a pro-Kremlin candidate, and he congratulated him on his anticipated victory before the official election returns had been in. Putin's personal support for Yanukovych was criticized as unwarranted interference in the affairs of a sovereign state (See also The Orange revolution). Crises also developed in Russia's relations with Georgia and Moldova, both former Soviet republics accusing Moscow of supporting separatist entities in their territories. Moscow's policies under Putin towards these states are viewed by politicians in the West as "efforts to bully democratic neighbors".[77]

Russia's relations with the Baltic states also remain tense. In 2007, Russo-Estonian relations deteriorated further as a result of the Bronze Soldier controversy.[78]

In his annual address to the Federal Assembly on April 26, 2007, Putin announced plans to declare a moratorium on the observance of the CFE Treaty by Russia until all NATO members ratified it and started observing its provisions, as Russia had been doing on a unilateral basis.[79] Putin argues that as new NATO members have not even signed the treaty so far, an imbalance in the presence of NATO and Russian armed forces in Europe creates a real threat and an unpredictable situation for Russia.[79] NATO members said they would refuse to ratify the treaty until Russia complied with its 1999 commitments made in Istanbul whereby Russia should remove troops and military equipment from Moldova and Georgia. Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov was quoted as saying in response that "Russia has long since fulfilled all its Istanbul obligations relevant to CFE".[80] Russia has suspended its participation in the CFE as of midnight Moscow time on December 11, 2007.[81][82] On December 12, 2007, the United States officially said it "deeply regretted the Russian Federation's decision to 'suspend' implementation of its obligations under the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE)." State Department spokesman Sean McCormack, in a written statement, added that "Russia's conventional forces are the largest on the European continent, and its unilateral action damages this successful arms control regime."[83] NATO's primary concern arising from Russia's suspension is that Moscow could now accelerate its military presence in the Northern Caucasus.[84]

The months following Putin's Munich speech[72] were marked by tension and a surge in rhetorics on both sides of the Atlantic. So, Vladimir Putin said at the anniversary of the Victory Day, "these threats are not becoming fewer but are only transforming and changing their appearance. These new threats, just as under the Third Reich, show the same contempt for human life and the same aspiration to establish an exclusive dictate over the world."[85] This was interpreted by some Russian and Western commentators as comparing the U.S. to Nazi Germany. On the eve of the 33rd Summit of the G8 in Heiligendamm, American journalist Anne Applebaum, who is married to a Polish politician, wrote that "Whether by waging cyberwarfare on Estonia, threatening the gas supplies of Lithuania, or boycotting Georgian wine and Polish meat, he [Putin] has, over the past few years, made it clear that he intends to reassert Russian influence in the former communist states of Europe, whether those states want Russian influence or not. At the same time, he has also made it clear that he no longer sees Western nations as mere benign trading partners, but rather as Cold War-style threats."[86]

British historian Max Hastings described Putin as "Stalin's spiritual heir" in his article "Will we have to fight Russia in this Century?".[87] British academic Norman Stone in his article "No wonder they like Putin" compared Putin to General Charles de Gaulle.[88] Adi Ignatius argues that "Putin... is not a Stalin. There are no mass purges in Russia today, no broad climate of terror. But Putin is reconstituting a strong state, and anyone who stands in his way will pay for it."[89] In the same article, Hastings continues that although "a return to the direct military confrontation of the Cold War is unlikely", "the notion of Western friendship with Russia is a dead letter"[87] Both Russian and American officials always denied the idea of a new Cold War. So, the US defence secretary Robert Gates said yet on the Munich Conference: "We all face many common problems and challenges that must be addressed in partnership with other countries, including Russia. ... One Cold War was quite enough."[90] Vladimir Putin said prior to 33rd G8 Summit, on June 4: "we do not want confrontation; we want to engage in dialogue. However, we want a dialogue that acknowledges the equality of both parties’ interests."[56]

Putin publicly opposed to a U.S. missile shield in Europe, presented President George W. Bush with a counterproposal on June 7, 2007 of sharing the use of the Soviet-era radar system in Azerbaijan rather than building a new system in the Czech Republic. Putin expressed readiness to modernize the Gabala radar station, which has been in operation since 1986. Putin proposed it would not be necessary to place interceptor missiles in Poland then, but interceptors could be placed in NATO member Turkey or Iraq. Putin suggested also equal involvement of interested European countries in the project.[91]


Portraits of President Putin on display in a Moscow store.In a June 4, 2007, interview to journalists of G8 countries, when answering the question of whether Russian nuclear forces may be focused on European targets in case "the United States continues building a strategic shield in Poland and the Czech Republic", Putin admitted that "if part of the United States’ nuclear capability is situated in Europe and that our military experts consider that they represent a potential threat then we will have to take appropriate retaliatory steps. What steps? Of course we must have new targets in Europe."[56][92][93]

The end of 2006 brought strained relations between Russia and Britain in the wake of the death of a former FSB officer in London by poisoning. On July 20, 2007 UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown expelled "four Russian envoys over Putin's refusal to extradite ex-KGB agent Andrei Lugovoi, wanted in the UK for the murder of fellow former spy Alexander Litvinenko in London."[94] The Russian constitution prohibits the extradition of Russian nationals to third countries. British Foreign Secretary David Miliband said that "this situation is not unique, and other countries have amended their constitutions, for example to give effect to the European Arrest Warrant".[95]

Miliband's statement was widely publicized by Russian media as a British proposal to change the Russian constitution.[96][97][98] According to VCIOM, 62% of Russians are against changing the Constitution in this respect.[99] The British Ambassador in Moscow Tony Brenton said that the UK is not asking Russia to break its Constitution, but rather interpret it in such a way that would make Lugovoi's extradition possible.[100] Putin, in response, advised British officials to "fix their heads" rather than propose changing the Russian constitution[101][98] and said that the British proposals were "a relic of a colonial-era mindset".[102]

When Litvinenko was dying from radiation poisoning, he allegedly accused Putin of directing the assassination in a statement which was released shortly after his death by his friend Alex Goldfarb.[103] Critics have doubted that Litvinenko is the true author of the released statement.[104][105] When asked about the Litvinenko accusations, Putin said that a statement released after death of its author "naturally deserves no comment".[106]

The expulsions were seen as "the biggest rift since the countries expelled each other's diplomats in 1996 after a spying dispute."[94] In response to the situation, Putin stated "I think we will overcome this mini-crisis. Russian-British relations will develop normally. On both the Russian side and the British side, we are interested in the development of those relations."[94] Despite this, British Ambassador Tony Brenton was told by the Russian Foreign Ministry that UK diplomats would be given 10 days before they were expelled in response. The Russian government also announced that it would suspend issuing visas to UK officials and froze cooperation on counterterrorism in response to Britain suspending contacts with their Federal Security Service.[94]

Alexander Shokhin, president of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs warned that British investors in Russia will "face greater scrutiny from tax and regulatory authorities. [And] They could also lose out in government tenders".[94] Some see the crisis as originating with Britain's decision to grant Putin's former patron, Russian billionaire Boris Berezovsky, political asylum in 2003.[94] Earlier in 2007, Berezovsky had called for the overthrow of Putin.[94]

On 10 December, 2007, Russia ordered the British Council to halt work at its regional offices in what was seen as the latest round of a dispute over the murder of Alexander Litvinenko; Britain said Russia's move was illegal.[107]

Following the Peace Mission 2007 military exercises jointly conducted by the SCO member states, Putin announced on August 17, 2007 the resumption on a permanent basis of long-distance patrol flights of Russia's strategic bombers that were suspended in 1992.[108][109] US State Department spokesman Sean McCormack was quoted as saying in response that "if Russia feels as though they want to take some of these old aircraft out of mothballs and get them flying again, that's their decision."[109] The announcement made during the SCO summit in the light of joint Russian-Chinese military exercises, first-ever in history to be held on Russian territory,[110] makes some believe that Putin is inclined to set up an anti-NATO bloc or the Asian version of OPEC.[111] When presented with the suggestion that "Western observers are already likening the SCO to a military organisation that would stand in opposition to NATO", Putin answered that "this kind of comparison is inappropriate in both form and substance".[108] Russian Chief of the General Staff Yury Baluyevsky was quoted as saying that "there should be no talk of creating a military or political alliance or union of any kind, because this would contradict the founding principles of SCO".[110]

The resumption of long-distance flights of Russia's strategic bombers was followed by the announcement by Russian Defense Minister Anatoliy Serdyukov during his meeting with Putin on Decemer 5, 2007, that 11 ships, including the aircraft carrier Kuznetsov, would take part in the first major navy sortie into the Mediterranean since Soviet times.[112] The sortie was to be backed up by 47 aircraft, including strategic bombers.[113] According to Serdyukov, this is an effort to resume regular Russian naval patrols on the world's oceans,[114] the view that is also supported by Russian media.[115] The military analyst from Novaya Gazeta Pavel Felgenhauer believes that the accident-prone Kuznetsov is scarcely seaworthy and is more of a menace to her crew than any putative enemy[116].

In September 2007, Putin visited Indonesia and in doing so became the first Russian leader to visit the country in more than 50 years.[117] In the same month, Putin also attended the APEC meeting held in Sydney, Australia where he met with Australian Prime Minister John Howard and signed an uranium trade deal. This was the first visit of a Russian president to Australia.

On October 16, 2007 Putin visited Tehran, Iran to participate in the Second Caspian Summit,[118] where he met with Iranian leader Mahmoud Ahmadinejad[119]. Other participants were leaders of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan.[120] This is the first visit of a Russian leader to Iran since Joseph Stalin's participation in the Tehran Conference in 1943.[121][122] At a press conference after the summit Putin said that "all our (Caspian) states have the right to develop their peaceful nuclear programmes without any restrictions".[123] During the summit it was also agreed that its participants, under no circumstances, would let any third-party state use their territory as a base for aggression or military action against any other participant.[118]

On October 26, 2007, at a press conference following the 20th Russia-EU Summit in Portugal, Putin proposed to create a Russian-European Institute for Freedom and Democracy headquartered either in Brussels or in one of the European capitals, and added that "we are ready to supply funds for financing it, just as Europe covers the costs of projects in Russia".[124] This newly proposed institution is expected to monitor human rights violations in Europe and contribute to development of European democracy.[125]


[edit] Domestic support and criticism
Despite widespread public support in Russia, Putin has many critics. Changes made under Putin’s rule have been criticized by some privately owned Russian media outlets and many Western commentators as anti-democratic.[126][127][128] At the same time, a joint poll by World Public Opinion in the U. S. and NGO Levada Center [25] in Russia around June-July 2006 stated that "neither the Russian nor the American publics are convinced Russia is headed in an anti-democratic direction" and "Russians generally support Putin’s concentration of political power and strongly support the re-nationalization of Russia’s oil and gas industry"[129] Russians generally support political course of Putin and his team.[129]

According to public opinion surveys conducted by Levada Center, Putin's approval rating was 81% in June 2007, and the highest of any leader in the world.[130] His popularity rose from 31% in August 1999 to 80% in November 1999 and since then it has never fallen below 65%.[131] Observers see Putin's high approval ratings as a consequence of higher living standards that improved during his rule and Russia's reassertion of itself on the world scene,[132][133][134] as well as the uniformly positive and extensive coverage that Putin receives from the state-controlled media.[135][136] Most Russians are also deeply disillusioned with the West after all the hardships of 90s,[88][137] and they no longer trust pro-western democrats that were removed from the political scene under Putin's rule.[137] Critics of Putin are seldom seen on two major national TV channels, Channel One and RTR. They do get some exposure through independent media, which include the national Ren-TV channel [138], the Echo of Moscow radio station [139] and, as a prominent example among print media, Nezavisimaya Gazeta.[140] The Internet site Inosmi.ru delivers selected translations into Russian from foreign and Western media online on a daily basis and has a daily audience of 70000-90000 visitors, most of them Russians.[141] However, most Russians, especially outside large cities, have very little access to any independent media and receive almost all news from the state outlets.[142]

In 2006 and 2007 Dissenters' Marches were organized by the opposition group Other Russia,[143] led by former chess champion Garry Kasparov and national-bolshevist leader Eduard Limonov. Demonstrations in several Russian cities were met by police action, which included interfering with the travel of the protesters and the arrests of as many as 150 people.[144] The Dissenters' Marches have received little support among the Russian general public, according to popular polls. [145] The Dissenters' March in Samara held in May 2007 during the Russia-EU summit attracted more journalists providing coverage of the event than actual participants[146], although the government allegedly prevented opposition leader Kasparov from reaching Samara.[citation needed] When asked in what way the Dissenters' Marches bother him, Putin answered that such marches "shall not prevent other citizens from living a normal life".[147] During the Dissenters' March in St. Petersburg on March 3, 2007, the protesters blocked automobile traffic on Nevsky Prospect, the central street of the city, much to the disturbance of local drivers.[148][149] The Governor of St. Petersburg, Valentina Matvienko, commented on the event that "it is important to give everyone the opportunity to criticize the authorities, but this should be done in a civilized fashion".[149] When asked about Kasparov's arrest, Putin replied that during his arrest Kasparov was speaking English rather than Russian, and suggested that he was targeting a Western audience rather than his own people.[150][151][150][151] This theme of domestic opposition allegedly being funded and supported by foreign enemies has come up in other comments by Putin [152] and has been criticized by Russian commentators as an attempt to marginalize his political opponents with Soviet-style propaganda [153].

In early 2005, a youth organization called Nashi (meaning 'Ours' or 'Our Own People') was created in Russia, which positions itself as a democratic anti-fascist organization. Its creation was encouraged by some of the most senior figures in the Administration of the President,[154] and by 2007 it grew to some 120,000 members (between the ages of 17 and 25). This organization has been often referred to as "Putin Youth" and the "loyal youth brigade" in the Western media.[155][156][157][158][159] A Nashi advertisement was described in a Time magazine article as "reminiscent of Soviet-era propaganda with its non sequitur acceleration of hysteria"; the poster reads: "Tomorrow there will be war in Iran. The day after tomorrow Russia will be governed externally!"[160] One of Nashi's major stated aims was to prevent a repeat of the 2004 Orange Revolution during the Russian elections: as its leader Vasily Yakemenko said, "the enemies must not perform unconstitutional takeovers".[161] Kremlin adviser, Sergei Markov said about the activists of Nashi: "They want Russia to be a modern, strong and free country... Their ideology is clear — it is modernization of the country and preservation of its sovereignty with that."[162]


[edit] Political future
The Constitution imposes consecutive term limits that prevent Putin from running for re-election again in 2008, although he would be allowed to run for President in the following presidential election, scheduled for 2012. On November 26, 2007, Federation Council Speaker Sergei Mironov was quoted by Interfax news agency, saying that the fact that the election day had been set to March 2, 2008, would allow Putin, who is required by term limits to leave office when his second term ends in May 2008, the option of resigning early and then running again. [163]

There are speculations in some media that Putin might be planning to have an influential role in the government preceding the elections [164], however on February 1, 2007 Putin publicly rebuked such speculations: "there will be no successors. There will be candidates for the post of the President of the Russian Federation." [165].

On 1 October 2007, Putin announced he would run as first on the list for United Russia and might consider becoming Prime Minister of Russia.[166] [167]

On December 10, 2007, Putin backed First deputy prime-minister and chairman of Gazprom Dmitry Medvedev's candidature for presidential election, nominated by Putin's United Russia party, as well as Agrarian Party, liberal Civilian Power and pro-Kremlin socialistic Fair Russia. [168] [169] It has been long believed by political analysts that Putin's choice of a successor will coast to an easy election-day victory as pre-election opinion polls have indicated that a substantial majority of potential voters will back Putin's chosen candidate for president.[170] Medvedev announced in his first speech since his own nomination that as President, he will nominate Vladimir Putin to the post of prime minister to head the Russian government, if the latter was willing to accept it.[171] Although constitutionally barred from a third consecutive presidential term, such a role would arguably allow Putin to continue as a national leader, and to take up again the presidency later if he so chose. Some analysts have been quick to point out that such a statement shows that Medvedev recognizes that he would only be a figurehead president.[172] Anders Åslund warns that the transfer-of-power operation is still far from being a foregone conclusion.[173] Notwithstanding such views, Putin has pledged that he would accept the position of prime minister should Medvedev be elected president. Although Putin has pledged not to change the distribution of authority between president and prime minister, many analysts are expecting a shift in the center of power from the presidency to the prime minister post should Putin assumes the latter under a Medvedev presidency.[174]

On December 11, 2007, a Kremlin official confirmed that Putin and Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko had discussed plans to consolidate their two countries into a new merger-state, just days before their scheduled two-day meeting.[175] Were such a union to come into existence, it would necessitate a freshly drafted constitution for the new union-state, essentially giving Putin the avenue which he needs to legally circumvent the current term-limit constitutionally imposed upon him.[176] Such speculations were rebutted by Belarusian President Lukashenko on December 14, 2007.[177]

At the United Russia party congress on 2007-12-17, Medvedev was officially nominated and Putin agreed to become PM if Medvedev won the election.[178]

At the time that Medvedev formally registered his candidacy with the Central Election Commission on December 20, 2007, he announced that if elected, he would be stepping down as chairman of the Board of Directors of Gazprom, since under the current laws, the president is not permitted to hold another post.[179] Sources close to Gazprom and Medvedev have told the Vedomosti newspaper that Medvedev may be replaced by Putin at Gazprom.[180]


[edit] Family and personal life
On July 28, 1983 Putin married Lyudmila Shkrebneva, at that time an undergraduate student of the Spanish branch of the Philology Department of the Leningrad State University and a former airline stewardess, who had been born in Kaliningrad on January 6, 1958. They have two daughters, Maria Putina (born 1985) and Yekaterina "Katya" Putina (born 1986 in Dresden). The daughters attended the German School in Moscow (Deutsche Schule Moskau) until his appointment as prime minister.

Since 1992, Putin had owned a dacha of about 7 thousand square meters in Solovyovka, Priozersky district of the Leningrad region, which is located on the eastern shore of the Komsomol'skoye lake on the Karelian Isthmus near St. Petersburg. His neighbours there are Vladimir Yakunin, Andrei Fursenko, Sergey Fursenko, Yuriy Kovalchuk, Viktor Myachin, Vladimir Smirnov and Nikolay Shamalov. On November 10, 1996, together they instituted the co-operative society Ozero (the Lake) which united their properties. This was confirmed by Putin's income and property declaration as a nominee for the presidency in 2000.[12] [26] However, this real estate was not listed in his income and property declaration for 1998 - 2002 submitted before the 2004 elections. (Full text of the declaration in Russian: .doc)

Putin's father was "a model communist, genuinely believing in its ideals while trying to put them into practice in his own life.".[181] With this dedication he became secretary of the Party cell in his workshop and then after taking night classes joined the factory’s Party bureau.[181] Though his father was a "militant atheist",[182] Putin's mother "was a devoted Orthodox believer".[181] Though she kept no icons at home, she attended church regularly (despite the government's persecution of the Russian Orthodox Church at that time). She ensured that Putin was secretly christened as a baby, and she regularly took him to services.[181] His father knew of this but turned a blind eye.[181] Putin himself is a practicing member of the Russian Orthodox Church. His religious awakening followed the serious car crash of his wife in 1993, and was deepened by a life-threatening fire that burned down their dacha in August 1996.[182][183] Right before an official visit to Israel his mother gave him his baptismal cross telling him to get it blessed “I did as she said and then put the cross around my neck. I have never taken it off since.”[181]

Putin has been hailed by Patriarch Alexius II of the Russian Orthodox Church as instrumental in healing the 80-year schism between it and the Russian Orthodox Church outside Russia in May 2007.[184]

Putin speaks German with near-native fluency. His family used to speak German at home as well.[185] After becoming President he was reported to be taking English lessons and could be seen conversing directly with Bush and other native speakers of English in informal situations, but he continues to use interpreters for formal talks. Putin spoke English in public for the first time during the state dinner in Buckingham Palace in 2003 saying but a few phrases while delivering his condolences to the Queen.[186] He made a full English speech while addressing delegates at the 119th International Olympic Committee Session in Guatemala City on behalf of the successful bid of Sochi for the 2014 Winter Olympics. [27]


[edit] Personal wealth
According to the official data submitted during the Russian legislative election, 2007 Putin's wealth is quite trivial. His wealth is limited to approximately 3.7 million roubles (approximately $150 thousand) in bank accounts, a private 77.4 square meters apartment in Saint Petersburg, 260 shares of Bank Saint Petersburg (with the December 2007 market price $5.36 per share[28]) and two Volga M21 cars of 1960's that he inherited from his father and does not register for on-road use. Putin's total 2006 income totaled to 2 million rubles (approximately $80 thousand).[187] According to the official data Putin certainly did not make into the top 100 most wealthy Duma candidates of his own United Russia party.[188]

On the other hand, there have been allegations that Putin secretly owns a very large fortune. According to former Chairman of the Russian State Duma Ivan Rybkin[189] [190] , and Russian political scientist Stanislav Belkovsky[191] [192], Putin controls a 4.5% stake in Gazprom, 37% in Surgutneftegaz and 50% in the oil-trading company Gunvor run by a close friend of Putin — Gennady Timchenko.[193][194] The aggregate estimated value of these holdings would easily make Putin Russia's richest person. "Putin's total personal fortune would amount to no less than $41 billion, placing him among the 10 richest in the world," says the Swedish economist Anders Aslund.[195][196] In December, 2007, Belkovsky elaborated on his claims: "Putin's name doesn't appear on any shareholders' register, of course. There is a non-transparent scheme of successive ownership of offshore companies and funds. The final point is in Zug [in Switzerland] and Liechtenstein. Vladimir Putin should be the beneficiary owner."[197]

Putin is not included into the world list of billionaires compiled by Forbes[198] or the list of Russian billionaires compiled by the Finance magazine.[199]


[edit] Martial arts
One of Putin's favorite sports is the martial art of judo. Putin began training in sambo (a Soviet martial art developed for the Red Army and the NKVD) at the age of 14, before switching to judo, which he continues to practice today.[200] Putin won competitions in his hometown of Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), including the senior championship of Leningrad. He is the President of the Yawara Dojo, the same St. Petersburg dojo he practiced at when young. Putin co-authored a book on his favorite sport, published in Russian as Judo with Vladimir Putin and in English under the title Judo: History, Theory, Practice.[201]

Though he is not the first world leader to practice judo, Putin is the first leader to move forward into the advanced levels. Currently, Putin is a black belt (6th dan) and is best known for his Harai Goshi (sweeping hip throw).[202] Vladimir Putin is Master of Sports (Soviet and Russian sport title) in Judo and Sambo. After a state visit to Japan, Putin was invited to the Kodokan Institute where he showed the students and Japanese officials different judo techniques.[202]

Putin is also a fan of Mixed Martial Arts, and of famous Russian MMA fighter Fedor Emelianenko. He attended the BODOG Fight event in St. Petersburg.[citation needed]


[edit] Honours
In 2001 Germany awarded Vladimir Putin a special class of the Grand Cross Bundesverdienstkreuz.[citation needed]
In September 2006, France's president Jacques Chirac awarded Vladimir Putin the insignia of an honorary Knight (Chevalier) of the Legion d'Honneur, the highest French decoration, to celebrate his contribution to the friendship between the two countries. This decoration is usually awarded to the heads of state considered as very close to France.[203]
On February 12, 2007 Saudi King Abdullah awarded Putin the King Abdul Aziz Award, Saudi Arabia's top civilian decoration.[204]
On September 10, 2007 UAE President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahayan awarded Putin the Order of Zayed, UAE's top civilian decoration.[205]
In December 2007 Putin was named Person of the Year (Expert magazine) by Expert magazine, influential and respected Russian business weekly.[citation needed]
He is also Time Magazine Person of the Year 2007

[edit] Anecdotes
See also: Putinisms
In a transcript[206] published on July 12, 2006, Putin is reported to have responded to U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney's political criticism by saying, "I think the statements of your Vice-President of this sort are the same as an unsuccessful hunting shot."[206][207] U.S. President George W. Bush later remarked that the comment was "pretty clever, actually, quite humorous."[citation needed]
In response to Bush's accusations during the press conference at the 32nd G8 summit held in July of 2006, concerning the decline of democracy in modern Russia, when Bush said that Iraq is a good example to follow, Putin stated, "We certainly would not want to have the same kind of democracy as they have in Iraq, I will tell you quite honestly."[208]
At a press conference on February 1, 2007 Putin was asked for his opinion on homosexuality in the midst of a row over the decision by Moscow Mayor Yury Luzhkov to ban a gay rights parade in Moscow. Putin said: "My approach toward gay parades and sexual minorities is very simple. It is directly linked to my responsibilities. One of the key problems of our country is the demographic problem." After the audience burst out in laughter, Putin added, "I respect the freedom of people in all respects."[209][210]

[edit] Key speeches
During his terms in office Putin has made 8 annual addresses to the Federal Assembly of Russia, speaking on the situation in Russia and on guidelines of the internal and foreign policy of the State (as prescribed in Article 84.f of the Constitution). The 2007 election campaign of the United Russia party went under the slogan "Putin's Plan: Russia's Victory". When asked on the "Putin's plan", Vladimir Putin said the last five Addresses contained some key parts "devoted to the state’s medium-term development", and "if all these key ideas were put together to build a coherent system, it can become the country's development plan in the medium-term". [211]

[edit] References and notes
^ Putin Refused to Become a Member of "United Russia", October 1, 2007, Gzt.ru
^ Putin Refused to Become a Member of "United Russia", October 1, 2007, Prime-tass.ru
^ Fig.: Vladimir Putin and his wife Lyudmila during the celebration of Pascha, the Russian Orthodox Easter service, at the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow, April 2001. (source of picture: http://vladimirputin.4u.ru/ -- Access to 09.12.2005.) Retrieved on 2007-06-27
^ Putin Named Time "Person of the Year" Google News
^ Some biographers speculate that he was born somewhere in Southern Russia in 1950 and later lived at Metekhi, Georgian SSR, USSR, from 1953 to 1960, see Who is Mr. Putin (in Russian) by Vladimir Pribylovsky and Yury Felshtinsky, Subbota, No 10, March 4, 2004; Georgian relatives of the President (in Russian) by I. Bobrova, Moskovskiy Komsomolets, June 13, 2006.
^ Book Intro (Russian).
^ Peter Baker and Susan Glasser. Kremlin Rising: Vladimir Putin and the End of Revolution,p. 40. New York, Scribner, 2005. ISBN 0-7432-6431-2
^ a b c ПУТИН Владимир Владимирович (Russian). Антикомпромат (anticompromat.ru).
^ Владимир Путин. От Первого Лица. Chapter 6
^ ИВАНОВ Сергей Борисович (Russian). Антикомпромат (anticompromat.ru).
^ Seven Moments of the Successor's Life[dead link] (in Russian), Moskovskiy Komsomolets, 18.08.1999.
^ a b c d V. Pribylovsky. Происхождение путинской олигархии (The Origin of Putin's Oligarchy) (Russian). Антикомпромат (anticompromat.ru).
^ МИЛЛЕР Алексей Борисович (Russian). Антикомпромат (anticompromat.ru).
^ Kovalev, Vladimir (2004-07-23). Uproar At Honor For Putin. The St. Petersburg Time.
^ Hoffman, David (2000-01-30). Putin's Career Rooted in Russia's KGB. The Washington Post.
^ J. Michael Waller (2000-03-17). Russia Reform Monitor No. 755: U.S. Seen Helping Putin's Presidential Campaign; Documents, Ex-Investigators, Link Putin to St. Petersburg Corruption. American Foreign Policy Council, Washington, D.C..
^ B. Berezovsky (2004-02-24). New Repartition //What is to be done?. Kommersant.
^ Kovalev, Vladimir (2005-07-29). Putin Should Settle Doubts About His Past Conduct. The St. Petersburg Time.
^ Roth, Jürgen. Die Gangster aus dem Osten. Hamburg: Europa Verlag, 2003. ISBN 3203815265
^ Duparc, Agathe et Vladimir Ivanidze. Le nom de M. Poutine apparaît en marge des affaires de blanchiment au Liechtenstein. Le Monde, 26.05.2000.
^ A Stain on Mr. Clean by Mark Hosenball and Christian Karyl, Newsweek, 3.09.2001
^ Le Monde Says Putin Linked To Crime[dead link] Moscow Times, 30.05.2000.
^ Putin’s Name Surfaces in German Probe by Catherine Belton
^ The Man Who Wasn't There by Nick Paton Walsh. The Observer, 29.02.2004.
^ a b Владимир Путин: от ассистента Собчака до и.о. премьера (Russian). GAZETA.RU.
^ ПУТИН — КАНДИДАТ НАУК (Russian). zavtra.ru (2000-05-24).
^ Tony Allen-Mills Putin accused of plagiarising his PhD thesis The Sunday Times March 26, 2006
^ The Half-Decay Products (in Russian) by Oleg Odnokolenko. Itogi, #47(545), 2.01.2007.
^ The Security Organs of the Russian Federation. A Brief History 1991-2004 by Jonathan Littell.
^ The Operation "Successor" by Vladimir Pribylovsky and Yuriy Felshtinsky (in Russian).
^ Interview with David Satter on Radio Liberty August 8, 2003 (Russian)
^ Tremlett, Giles. "Leader's secret holidays to Spain", The Times, June 15, 2000. Retrieved on 2007-04-29. (English)
^ Text of Yeltsin's speech in English. BBC NEWS (1999-08-09). Retrieved on 2007-05-31.
^ Yeltsin redraws political map BBC, August 10, 1999
^ Yeltsin's man wins approval BBC, August 16, 1999.
^ Analysis of Chechen Crisis from ChechnyaFree.Ru
^ Can Grozny be groovy? by The Independent, March 13, 2007.
^ Human Rights Watch Reports, on human rights abuses in Chechnya. Retrieved November 22, 2006
^ Views of today Chechnya, published in November 29, 2006.
^ Views of Grozny, 2007, Views of Chechen schools, 2007.
^ Political groups and parties: Unity Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt
^ [http://www.rg.ru/oficial/doc/ykazi/1763.htm УКАЗ от 31 декабря 1999 г. № 1763 О ГАРАНТИЯХ ПРЕЗИДЕНТУ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ, ПРЕКРАТИВШЕМУ ИСПОЛНЕНИЕ СВОИХ ПОЛНОМОЧИЙ, И ЧЛЕНАМ ЕГО СЕМЬИ ] Rossiyskaya Gazeta
^ «Развращение» первого лица. Госдума не решилась покуситься на неприкосновенность экс-президента. www.newizv.ru March 18, 2004.
^ Person of the Year 2007: A Tsar Is Born by Adi Ignatius, Retrieved on December 19, 2007, Time.com
^ Yeltsin linked to bribe scandal BBC, September 8, 1999.
^ Duma approves old Soviet anthem CNN, December 8, 2000.
^ National anthem of Russian Federation, StateSymbol.Ru
^ Source: 82% of Russians Approve TV Censorship, Russian Development Portal, 24 June 2005
^ Lynch, Dov (2005). "The enemy is at the gate": Russia after Beslan. International Affairs 81 (1), 141–161.
^ Putin tightens grip on security, BBC News, September 13, 2004.
^ Putin’s Gamble. Where Russia is headed. by Nikolas Gvosdev www.nationalreview.com November 05, 2003.
^ Putin's Kremlin Asserting More Control of Economy. Yukos Case Reflects Shift on Owning Assets, Notably in Energy. by Peter Baker Washington Post July 9, 2004.
^ Sovereignty is a Political Synonym of Competitiveness Vladislav Surkov, public appear, 7 February 2006
^ Our Russian Model of Democracy is Titled «Sovereign Democracy» Vladislav Surkov, briefing, 28 June 2006.
^ Putin’s ‘sovereign democracy’ looks familiar. Putin’s near-autocratic power resembles the old Soviet Union to opponents. By Jim Maceda NBC News March 30, 2007.
^ a b c Interview with Newspaper Journalists from G8 Member Countries, June 4, 2007, full official transcript.
^ Putin: I Am the World's Only 'Pure Democrat'[dead link] by Jim Heintz (Associated Press). The Guardian, June 4, 2007.
^ Constitution of Russia, Section One, Chapter Four.
^ [1]
^ Election Preliminary Results for United Russia[dead link], December 4, 2007, Rbc.ru
^ Preliminary results of voting, Retrieved on December 4, 2007, Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation
^ Russians Voted In Favour of Putin, December 4, 2007, Izvestia.ru
^ Assenters' March, December 3, 2007, Izvestia.ru
^ Owen Matthews; Anna Nemtsova (2007-12-01). Under A Quiet Surface. Forget democracy. The real Russian politics rages in the Kremlin. (English). Newsweek. Retrieved on 2007-12-12. “In the last eight years we have created a very solid Soviet-style bureaucratic elite, with their own codes and speaking the same language.”
^ The secret policeman's election.. The Economist (Dec 6th 2007). Retrieved on 2007-12-13.
^ Neil Buckley; Catherine Belton (2007-12-12). An apparatchik president? Why Russia expects Putin to stay on at Medvedev’s side (English). Financial Times. Retrieved on 2007-12-13. “One former insider says the tussles looked as if the siloviki were paving the way for a takeover of power.”
^ The man who wants to buy back Russia. by Catherine Belton Financial Times December 20, 2007.
^ Виктор Ядуха. Сеанс с разоблачением. Борьба кремлевс
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message
warlord11030
Moris Family Mafia Don


Joined: 19 May 2007
Posts: 2777

PostPosted: Mon Dec 31, 2007 5:17 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

god stfu lol.


but i did lol at this "A man named Jack Ass sued MTV for $10 million, claiming the series was plagiarizing his name. Jack Ass, formerly known as Bob Craft, changed his name in 1997 to raise awareness for drunk driving, after his brother and friend were killed in a vehicle accident.[6] "
_________________
Ive ran my Family for a long time.. Years! The Moris Family operations are on...
-The Sims Online
-Urban Empires
-Secondlife
-There
-SAMP
www.rl-rpg.nl/forum/index.php
www.radioactive-software.com
Don Moris.
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message
dgreen
The One


Joined: 24 Sep 2005
Posts: 6811
Location: Raleigh, NC

PostPosted: Mon Dec 31, 2007 12:18 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hmmmm I don't remember making this post.

I was like who's the jackass who created a fucking blank thread..

Oh wait it was me Very Happy
_________________
I run this place.
"Some muckety-muck architecture magazine was interviewing Will Wright about SimCity, and they asked
him a question something like "which ontological urban paridigm most influenced your design of the simulator,
the Exo-Hamiltonian Pattern Language Movement, or the Intra-Urban Deconstructionist Sub-Culture Hypothesis?"
He replied, "I just kind of optimized for game play."

Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Visit poster's website AIM Address
warlord11030
Moris Family Mafia Don


Joined: 19 May 2007
Posts: 2777

PostPosted: Mon Dec 31, 2007 4:56 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

its ok.. everybody has to hoe themselves sometimes.
_________________
Ive ran my Family for a long time.. Years! The Moris Family operations are on...
-The Sims Online
-Urban Empires
-Secondlife
-There
-SAMP
www.rl-rpg.nl/forum/index.php
www.radioactive-software.com
Don Moris.
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message
rappen
Mini-Me


Joined: 22 Apr 2007
Posts: 6633
Location: Spijkenisse, Netherlands

PostPosted: Tue Jan 01, 2008 6:29 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

willy
_________________
Rappen Fo'shizzle my nizzle oh fo dizzle Razz

Back to top
View user's profile Send private message AIM Address MSN Messenger
warlord11030
Moris Family Mafia Don


Joined: 19 May 2007
Posts: 2777

PostPosted: Tue Jan 01, 2008 8:49 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

your mama likes my willy.
_________________
Ive ran my Family for a long time.. Years! The Moris Family operations are on...
-The Sims Online
-Urban Empires
-Secondlife
-There
-SAMP
www.rl-rpg.nl/forum/index.php
www.radioactive-software.com
Don Moris.
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message
Display posts from previous:   
This forum is locked: you cannot post, reply to, or edit topics.   This topic is locked: you cannot edit posts or make replies.    Radioactive-Software Forum Index -> Radioactive-Software All times are GMT - 5 Hours
Page 1 of 1

 
Jump to:  
You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot vote in polls in this forum


Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2002 phpBB Group